BackForwardInstrument:  PAN (CartoSat-1) 

Instrument details
Acronym PAN (CartoSat-1)
Full name Panchromatic Camera
Purpose Very-high-resolution land imagery
Short description Single VNIR channel (0.50-0.85 µm), SNR = 345 @ 550 W m-2 sr-1 µm-1
Background Follow-on of PAN flown on IRS-1C and IRS-1D
Scanning Technique Pushbroom, 12288 pixel/line, swaths 30 km. Along-track stereoscopy capability by means of two cameras, PAN-A (10° aft-), and PAN-F (26° fore-). Addressable within a field of regard of 400 km.
Resolution 2.5 m s.s.p.
Coverage / Cycle Depending on pointing strategy. Repeat cycle for a selected local scene: one week minimum, in daylight
Mass 120 kg Power 60 W Data Rate 336 Mbps (105 Mbps after compression)


Providing Agency ISRO
Instrument Maturity Flown on operational programme
Utilization Period: 2005 to 2019
Last update: 2022-07-25
Detailed characteristics
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
WIGOS Subcomponents
  • Subcomponent 4
  • GNSS radio occultation (commercial)
  • High-resolution optical observation constellation (commercial)
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Fire fractional cover
Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
Note: * Primary mission objective.
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel
Fire fractional cover*2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel with high resolution, for fire boundary detection
Glacier cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel with high resolution, for glacier boundary detection
Snow cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel