BackForward Satellite Programme: Far-infrared Outgoing Radiation Understanding and Monitoring 

Programme details
Programme description
  • Single-satellite programme in the framework of the ESA Earth Explorer missions, addressing Earth radiation budget.
  • ESA undertaking following a proposal from the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (CNR-INO, Florence) in collaboration with other Italian and foreign instututes.
  • The platform is actively stabilised over 3 axes.
  • The design life time of the satellites is 5 years.
  • The orbit follows the one of Metop-SG (sunsynchronous at 09:30)
  • See detailed description at
Data circulation
  • TBD
Agencies ESA
Programme lifetime 2027 - 2033
Associated satellites and instruments

Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational , blue tag => planned

  • Far-infrared Outgoing Radiation Understanding and Monitoring