BackForward Satellite: XMM-Newton 

Satellite details
Acronym XMM-Newton
Full name X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission Observatory - Newton
WIGOS Station Identifier ---
Satellite Description
  • Single flight unit of the XMM-Newton programme.
  • Main mission: Astronomy.
  • Substantial contribution to Space weather.
  • Highly-elliptical Earth Orbit, with perigee variable between 6,000 and 22,000 km and apogee between 99,000 and 115,000 km.  Period 48 h
Mass at launch 3800 kg Dry mass
Power 1600 W
Data access link no link provided
Data access information
  • Science data distributed by the Science Operations Center (SOC) at Villafranca.
Orbit Drifting orbit Altitude 40000 km
Inclination 40 °


Space agency ESA
Status Operational
Details on Status
(as available)
  • Operations, initially planned for 2 years (2001) have been extended to 2018.
Launch 10 Dec 1999 EOL ≥2026
Last update: 2023-11-06
Associated satellite programme and related satellites

Note: red tag: no longer operational , green tag: operational , blue tag : future

Satellite Payload

All known Instruments flying on XMM-Newton

Acronym Full name
EPIC European Photon Imaging Camera
RGS Reflection Grating Spectrometer
OM Optical Monitor
Show instrument status and calibration