BackForward Satellite Programme: Meteor-1 

Programme details
Programme description
  • Series of 25 operational meteorological satellites in polar orbit.
  • Follow-on of a number of experimental payloads hosted by multi-purpose satellites of the Cosmos series (10 launched in the timeframe 1964-1968).
  • Russian programme: RosHydroMet responsible of the overall programme and of running the operational phase, Roscosmos responsible of the development of the space segment.
  • Satellites actively stabilised over 3 axes.
  • The design lifetime was 6 months.
  • Drifting orbits with high inclination.
  • Replacement policy based on frequent launches: average 3.4 launches/year.
  • See detailed description at

Note: in the satellite descriptive sheets, because of uncertain EOL dates, a mission duration of 9 months has been assumed.

Data circulation
  • Data stored onboard and downlinked to RosHydroMet acquisition stations.  Processed and disseminated by RosHydroMet.
Agencies RosHydroMetRoscosmos
Programme lifetime 1969 - 1978
Associated satellites and instruments

Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational , blue tag => planned