BackForward Satellite Programme: Meteor-2 

Programme details
Programme description
  • Series of 21 operational meteorological satellites in polar orbit.
  • Follow-on of the Meteor-1 series.  Main improvement: introduction of the IR temperature/humidity sounding mission.
  • Russian programme: RosHydroMet responsible of the overall programme and of running the operational phase, Roscosmos responsible of the development of the space segment.
  • Satellites actively stabilised over 3 axes.
  • The design lifetime was 1 year.
  • Drifting orbits with high inclination.
  • Replacement policy based on frequent launches: average 1.2 launches/year.
  • See detailed description at

Note: in the satellite descriptive sheets, because of uncertain EOL dates, a mission duration of 18 months has been assumed.

Data circulation
  • Data stored onboard and downlinked to RosHydroMet acquisition stations.  Processed and disseminated by RosHydroMet.
Agencies RosHydroMetRoscosmos
Programme lifetime 1975 - 1995
Associated satellites and instruments

Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational , blue tag => planned